Libya

Sept. 2014, chaos seems to reign in Libya at this point. Much work remains to be done on this page.

Status as of Oct. 2012 based on LSW page

Mahmoud Jibril – “liberal” National Forces Alliance – won general election in July 2012

Mohammed MagariefNational Front party (self-professed moderate Islamist) – named by new General National Congress to be president.

Mustafa Abu Shagur – long history of opposition to Gaddafi Chosen by the new General National Congress to be Prime Minister over Jibril. “The choice of Shagur demonstrates the difficulty in applying conventional party political models to Libya, where local or even tribal allegiances and rivalries often take precedence over the divide between “Islamists” and “liberals” that is the frame of reference normally used in the West.”

On Sunday Oct. 9, 2012 the General National Congress voted to dismiss Shagur. The GNC now has three to four weeks to choose a new PM. According to the BBC “The BBC’s Rana Jawad in Tripoli says some cities like Zawiya, Benghazi, and Misrata, lost a lot of fighters during the battle to overthrow Gaddafi, and are demanding greater representation in the new government.”

She says further, “There is a lot of talk here now of backdoor alliances being formed between the country’s two biggest parties – the liberal camp of the National Forces Alliance and the Justice and Construction Party, an offshoot of the Muslim Brotherhood. Together they form a vote that is difficult to overcome in the Libyan assembly.”

Current security situation is becoming worse, possibly due to a lack of state security organizations.

Imprisoned Omar Abdel Rahman Brigades (IOARB) – supporters of the Egyptian sheikh serving a life sentence in the US for his role in the 1993 bombing of the World Trade Center. The group has strong support in eastern Cyrenaica, especially in the town of Derna. Claimed responsibility for the actions on the U.S. consulate and offices of the ICRC and the UN.

Salafist militia Ansar al-Sharia (Partisans of Sharia) – associated with attacks on Sufi institutions but not on western elements. Together with the Libya Shield Brigade, employed by the defense minister to restore order after clashes between Tubu and Arab tribes.

Salafist forces and city security operate together in several cities and are nominally under the control of the interior ministry but in effect report to Islamists.

Civilians have clashed with Salafist elements and called for their dissolution.

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Johan Galtung perspective on Libya